Flora

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

Sabat

Sabat

Halocnemum strobilaceum

Sacred Datura

Sacred Datura

Datura innoxia

Safsaf

Safsaf

Aristida adscensionis

Salam

Salam

Acacia ehrenbergiana

Salsola schweinfurthii

Salsola schweinfurthii

Salsola schweinfurthii

Salsola villosa

Salsola villosa

Salsola villosa

Saltwort

Saltwort

Salsola imbricata

Samr

Samr

Acacia tortilis

Sand Spurry

Sand Spurry

Spergularia bocconei

Sandmat

Sandmat

Chamaesyce serpens

Sa’ed

Sa’ed

Cyperus laevigatus

Scented Trefoil

Scented Trefoil

Melilotus indicus

Scorpion

Scorpion

Parkinsonia aculeata

Sea Lavender

Sea Lavender

Limonium axillare

Seablite

Seablite

Suaeda vermiculata

Senna

Senna

Senna italica

Sesban

Sesban

Sesbania sesban

Shawlah

Shawlah

Reseda arabica

Shawlah

Shawlah

Chenopodium album

Sha’ran

Sha’ran

Anabasis setifera

Shershir

Shershir

Tribulus arabicus

Shih

Shih

Artemisia inculta

Shinan

Shinan

Arthrocnemum macrostachyum

Shka’e

Shka’e

Fagonia ovalifolia

Shrubby Horsetail, Alanda

Shrubby Horsetail, Alanda

Ephedra foliata

Shufan barri

Shufan barri

Avena sterilis

Shwaikah

Shwaikah

Fagonia indica

Sidr

Sidr

Ziziphus mauritiana

Silver Nailroot

Silver Nailroot

Paronychia arabica

Silver Nightshade

Silver Nightshade

Solanum elaeagnifolium

Sinan at-tais

Sinan at-tais

Haplophyllum tuberculatum

Sindar

Sindar

Amaranthus graecizans

Sineim

Sineim

Chloris virgata

Slender buffel Grass

Slender buffel Grass

Cenchrus pennisetiformis

Small Restharrow

Small Restharrow

Ononis reclinata

Sodom’s Apple

Sodom’s Apple

Calotropis procera

Soft Love-grass

Soft Love-grass

Eragrostis pilosa

Sorrel

Sorrel

Rumex cyprius

Sourgrass

Sourgrass

Oxalis debilis

Sprangletops

Sprangletops

Leptochloa fusca

Star Fenugreek

Star Fenugreek

Trigonella stellata

Stink-grass

Stink-grass

Eragrostis cilianensis

Stone-breaker

Stone-breaker

Phyllanthus niruri

Suweid

Suweid

Suaeda aegyptiaca

Sweet Clover

Sweet Clover

Melilotus albus

Sweet Pea

Sweet Pea

Lathyrus inconspicuus

Safra

Safra

Launaea mucronata

Spiny Cocklebur

Spiny Cocklebur

Xanthium spinosum

Seagrass

Seagrass

Diplanthera uninervis

Spear Grass

Spear Grass

Stipa capensis

Slender Sow Thistle

Slender Sow Thistle

Sonchus tenerrimus

Sakham

Sakham

Sporobolus ioclados

Siler Roots

Siler Roots

Sphenopus divaricatus

Sudan Grass

Sudan Grass

Sorghum x drummondii

Stoneseed

Stoneseed

Echiochilon jugatum

Sleisla

Sleisla

Eremobium aegyptiacum

Shafallah

Shafallah

Capparis spinosa

Shaja

Shaja

Zilla spinosa

Shiltam

Shiltam

Brassica tournefortii

Sha’ir al-far

Sha’ir al-far

Phalaris paradoxa

Small Canary Grass

Small Canary Grass

Phalaris minor

Swine Cress

Swine Cress

Lepidium didymum

T

U

W

Y

Z

V



Yellow & Purple

Climber

Fern

Grass

Ikrish

Ikrish

Aeluropus lagopoides

Wiregrass

Wiregrass

Aristida abnormis

Safsaf

Safsaf

Aristida adscensionis

Needlegrass

Needlegrass

Aristida mutabilis

Giant Reed

Giant Reed

Arundo donax

Shufan barri

Shufan barri

Avena sterilis

Purple False Brome

Purple False Brome

Brachypodium distachyum

Oat Brome

Oat Brome

Bromus danthoniae

Brome grass

Brome grass

Bromus madritensis

Cheat grass

Cheat grass

Bromus scoparius

Foxtail Grass

Foxtail Grass

Cenchrus ciliaris

Slender buffel Grass

Slender buffel Grass

Cenchrus pennisetiformis

Birdwood Grass

Birdwood Grass

Cenchrus setigerus

Hajeen

Hajeen

Centropodia forsskaolii

Finger Grass

Finger Grass

Chloris barbata

Sineim

Sineim

Chloris virgata

Halta

Halta

Chrysopogon gryllus

Gharaz

Gharaz

Chrysopogon plumulosus

Memphis Grass

Memphis Grass

Cutandia memphitica

Incense Grass

Incense Grass

Cymbopogon commutatus

Bermuda Grass

Bermuda Grass

Cynodon dactylon

Najm

Najm

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

Indian Grass

Indian Grass

Dichanthium annulatum

Crab Grass

Crab Grass

Digitaria sanguinalis

Millet Rice

Millet Rice

Echinochloa colona

Love-grass

Love-grass

Eragrostis barrelieri

Stink-grass

Stink-grass

Eragrostis cilianensis

Woolly Love-grass

Woolly Love-grass

Eragrostis ciliaris

Soft Love-grass

Soft Love-grass

Eragrostis pilosa

Devil’s Coach Whip

Devil’s Coach Whip

Stachytarphaeta angustifolia

Mouse Barley

Mouse Barley

Hordeum murinum

Barley

Barley

Hordeum vulgare

Blue-stem Grass

Blue-stem Grass

Hyparrhenia hirta

Dahah

Dahah

Lasiurus scindicus

Sprangletops

Sprangletops

Leptochloa fusca

Rye grass

Rye grass

Lolium rigidum

Hamrah

Hamrah

Ochthochloa compressa

Thamam

Thamam

Panicum turgidum

Curved Hard-grass

Curved Hard-grass

Parapholis incurva

Yellow water Crown-grass

Yellow water Crown-grass

Paspalidium desertorum

Bristle Grass

Bristle Grass

Pennisetum divisum

Fountain Grass

Fountain Grass

Pennisetum setaceum

Mouse Barley

Mouse Barley

Hordeum murinum

Nusi

Nusi

Stipagrostis obtusa

Tall Bushman Grass

Tall Bushman Grass

Stipagrostis ciliata

Spear Grass

Spear Grass

Stipa capensis

Drop-seed Grass

Drop-seed Grass

Sporobolus spicatus

Sakham

Sakham

Sporobolus ioclados

Siler Roots

Siler Roots

Sphenopus divaricatus

Sudan Grass

Sudan Grass

Sorghum x drummondii

Johnson Grass

Johnson Grass

Sorghum halepense

Green Bristle-grass

Green Bristle-grass

Setaria viridis

Rough Bristle-grass

Rough Bristle-grass

Setaria verticillata

Mediterranean Grass

Mediterranean Grass

Schismus barbatus

Arabian Schismus

Arabian Schismus

Schismus arabicus

Tiny Bristle Grass

Tiny Bristle Grass

Rostraria pumila

Rabbit-foot Grass

Rabbit-foot Grass

Polypogon monspeliensis

Annual Meadow Grass

Annual Meadow Grass

Poa annua

Reed

Reed

Phragmites australis

Sha’ir al-far

Sha’ir al-far

Phalaris paradoxa

Small Canary Grass

Small Canary Grass

Phalaris minor

Herb

Eyelash Plant

Eyelash Plant

Blepharis ciliaris

Hadaq

Hadaq

Aizoon canariense

Jafnah

Jafnah

Aizoon hispanicum

Ghasool

Ghasool

Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum

Egyptian Fig Marigold

Egyptian Fig Marigold

Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum

Lami

Lami

Zaleya pentandra

Sindar

Sindar

Amaranthus graecizans

Rowaf

Rowaf

Amaranthus hybridus

Green Amaranth

Green Amaranth

Amaranthus viridis

Bishop’s Weed

Bishop’s Weed

Ammi majus

Dill

Dill

Anethum graveolens

Hare’s Ear

Hare’s Ear

Bupleurum semicompositum

Fennel

Fennel

Foeniculum vulgare

Knotted Hedge Parsley

Knotted Hedge Parsley

Torilis nodosa

Itr

Itr

Glossonema varians

Grace

Grace

Aaronsohnia factorovskyi

Shih

Shih

Artemisia inculta

White Thistle

White Thistle

Atractylis carduus

Field Marigold

Field Marigold

Calendula arvensis

Marigold Daisy

Marigold Daisy

Calendula tripterocarpa

Kharshoot lowmeya

Kharshoot lowmeya

Carthamnus eriocephalus

Murrar

Murrar

Centaurea sinaica

Dwarf Chicory

Dwarf Chicory

Cichorium pumilum

False Daisy

False Daisy

Eclipta prostrata

Pink Mustard

Pink Mustard

Erucaria hispanica

Rashad bari

Rashad bari

Lepidium aucheri

ThuwaT

ThuwaT

Sisymbrium erysimoides

Ghebayra

Ghebayra

Herniaria hemistemon

Eysh shawlah

Eysh shawlah

Herniaria hirsuta

Silver Nailroot

Silver Nailroot

Paronychia arabica

Kameela

Kameela

Polycarpaea repens

Daqeeqa

Daqeeqa

Polycarpaea spicata

Fourleaf Allseed

Fourleaf Allseed

Polycarpon tetraphyllum

Knucklehead Weed

Knucklehead Weed

Sclerocephalus arabicus

Arabian Silene

Arabian Silene

Silene arabica

Conica Silene

Conica Silene

Silene conica

Desert Campion

Desert Campion

Silene villosa

Sand Spurry

Sand Spurry

Spergularia bocconei

Umm threib

Umm threib

Spergularia diandra

Chickweed

Chickweed

Stellaria media

Lesser Chickweed

Lesser Chickweed

Stellaria pallida

Cow Herb

Cow Herb

Vaccaria hispanica

Cotton

Cotton

Bassia eriophora

Jebira

Jebira

Bassia muricata

Beet

Beet

Beta vulgaris

Shawlah

Shawlah

Chenopodium album

Khaisa

Khaisa

Chenopodium murale

Hadh

Hadh

Cornulaca aucheri

Glasswort

Glasswort

Salicornia europaea

Suweid

Suweid

Suaeda aegyptiaca

Bindweed

Bindweed

Convolvulus arvensis

Khatme

Khatme

Convolvulus cephalopodus

Ullay

Ullay

Convolvulus glomeratus

Melbow

Melbow

Convolvulus pilosellifolius

Rosin Weed

Rosin Weed

Cressa cretica

Chinese Dodder

Chinese Dodder

Cuscuta chinensis

Dodder

Dodder

Cuscuta pedicellata

Pentagona Dodder

Pentagona Dodder

Cuscuta pentagona

Handhal

Handhal

Citrullus colocynthis

Hadak

Hadak

Cucumis prophetarum

Desert Thumb

Desert Thumb

Cynomorium coccineum

Huweimdha

Huweimdha

Andrachne telephioides

Chamaesyce arabica

Chamaesyce arabica

Chamaesyce arabica

Chamaesyce

Chamaesyce

Chamaesyce granulata

Sandmat

Sandmat

Chamaesyce serpens

Tanoom

Tanoom

Chrozophora oblongifolia

Zerraij

Zerraij

Chrozophora tinctoria

Dragon Spurge

Dragon Spurge

Euphorbia dracunculoides

Milkweed

Milkweed

Euphorbia peplus

Euphorbia retusa

Euphorbia retusa

Euphorbia retusa

Annual Mercury

Annual Mercury

Mercurialis annua

Stone-breaker

Stone-breaker

Phyllanthus niruri

Halaq

Halaq

Astragalus annularis

Khawatim al bar

Khawatim al bar

Astragalus corrugatus

Rakhami

Rakhami

Astragalus tribuloides

Umm al qurain

Umm al qurain

Hippocrepis areolata

Qileiqlan

Qileiqlan

Hippocrepis multisiliquosa

Hestesko

Hestesko

Hippocrepis unisiliquosa

Disk Trefoil

Disk Trefoil

Hymenocarpos circinnatus

Sweet Pea

Sweet Pea

Lathyrus inconspicuus

Luton Wire

Luton Wire

Lotononis platycarpa

Hawrbeith

Hawrbeith

Lotus glinoides

Gazelle’s Horn

Gazelle’s Horn

Lotus halophilus

Medick

Medick

Medicago laciniata

Nafal

Nafal

Trigonella anguina

Lucerne

Lucerne

Medicago sativa

Sweet Clover

Sweet Clover

Melilotus albus

Scented Trefoil

Scented Trefoil

Melilotus indicus

Small Restharrow

Small Restharrow

Ononis reclinata

Barak Sicily

Barak Sicily

Ononis sicula

Pouteria

Pouteria

Rhynchosia minima

Jumby Bean

Jumby Bean

Scorpiurus muricatus

Antbush

Antbush

Senna occidentalis

Reversed Trefoil

Reversed Trefoil

Trifolium resupinatum

Nafal

Nafal

Trigonella anguina

Egyptian Fenugreek

Egyptian Fenugreek

Trigonella glabra

Star Fenugreek

Star Fenugreek

Trigonella stellata

Bard Vitch

Bard Vitch

Vicia monantha

Moleih

Moleih

Frankenia pulverulenta

Lesser Centaury

Lesser Centaury

Centaurium pulchellum

Whitehead

Whitehead

Enicostema verticillatum

Kebaisha

Kebaisha

Erodium glaucophyllum

Cut-leaved Crane’s-bill

Cut-leaved Crane’s-bill

Erodium laciniatum

Dove’s-foot Crane’s-bill

Dove’s-foot Crane’s-bill

Geranium molle

Jrnah

Jrnah

Monsonia heliotropioides

Dahmah

Dahmah

Monsonia nivea

Ja’ad

Ja’ad

Teucrium polium

Rigid Flax

Rigid Flax

Linum strictum

Khatma

Khatma

Althaea ludwigii

Khubeizah

Khubeizah

Malva nicaeensis

Least Mallow

Least Mallow

Malva parviflora

Carpetweed

Carpetweed

Mollugo cerviana

Cat’s-eye

Cat’s-eye

Anagallis arvensis

Creeping-thorn Rose

Creeping-thorn Rose

Neurada procumbens

Desert Hyacinth

Desert Hyacinth

Cistanche tubulosa

Hemp Broomrape

Hemp Broomrape

Orobanche ramosa

Creeping Sorrel

Creeping Sorrel

Oxalis corniculata

Sourgrass

Sourgrass

Oxalis debilis

Bermuda Buttercup

Bermuda Buttercup

Oxalis pes-caprae

Rablat al mistah

Rablat al mistah

Plantago amplexicaulis

Wedaina

Wedaina

Cistanche tubulosa

Buck’s-horn Plantain

Buck’s-horn Plantain

Plantago coronopus

Rabl

Rabl

Plantago psyllium

Woolly-winged Milkwort

Woolly-winged Milkwort

Polygala erioptera

Prickly Dock

Prickly Dock

Emex spinosa

Ghardab

Ghardab

Polygonum argyrocoleum

Sorrel

Sorrel

Rumex cyprius

Khillah

Khillah

Rumex dentatus

Bladderdock

Bladderdock

Rumex vesicarius

Purslane

Purslane

Portulaca oleracea

Reseda

Reseda

Oligomeris linifolia

Shawlah

Shawlah

Reseda arabica

Corn Cleavers

Corn Cleavers

Galium tricornutum

Sinan at-tais

Sinan at-tais

Haplophyllum tuberculatum

Weasel’s Snout

Weasel’s Snout

Misopates orontium

Desert Figwort

Desert Figwort

Scrophularia deserti

Glandular Speedwell

Glandular Speedwell

Veronica cymbalaria

Sacred Datura

Sacred Datura

Datura innoxia

Winter Cherry

Winter Cherry

Physalis angulata

Silver Nightshade

Silver Nightshade

Solanum elaeagnifolium

Hairy Nightshade

Hairy Nightshade

Solanum villosum

Mulakhiyah

Mulakhiyah

Corchorus olitorius

Wild Jute

Wild Jute

Corchorus trilocularis

Lazzaq

Lazzaq

Forsskaolea tenacissima

Mouse Barley

Mouse Barley

Hordeum murinum

Bird Tongue

Bird Tongue

Parietaria alsinifolia

Burning Nettle

Burning Nettle

Urtica urens

Frogfruit

Frogfruit

Phyla nodiflora

Blue Flower

Blue Flower

Stachytarphaeta angustifolia

Dhuraymah

Dhuraymah

Fagonia bruguieri

Shwaikah

Shwaikah

Fagonia indica

Shka’e

Shka’e

Fagonia ovalifolia

Fern-leaf Peony

Fern-leaf Peony

Fagonia tenuifolia

Habyan

Habyan

Seetzenia lanata

Hureim

Hureim

Tetraena simplex

Shershir

Shershir

Tribulus arabicus

Barwaq

Barwaq

Asphodelus tenuifolius

Brown Lily

Brown Lily

Dipcadi erythraeum

Nance

Nance

Erucaria crassifolia

Rims

Rims

Anchusa hispida

Wild Mustard

Wild Mustard

Sinapis arvensis

Cleome noeana

Cleome noeana

Cleome noeana

Broadleaf Seagrass

Broadleaf Seagrass

Halophila stipulacea

Cat’s-tail

Cat’s-tail

Typha domingensis

Safra

Safra

Launaea mucronata

Mureer

Mureer

Reichardia tingitana

Spiny Cocklebur

Spiny Cocklebur

Xanthium spinosum

Paddle Weed

Paddle Weed

Halophila ovalis

Hawa

Hawa

Launaea capitata

Mountain Tea

Mountain Tea

Pulicaria undulata

Prickly Golden Fleece

Prickly Golden Fleece

Urospermum picroides

Jersey Cudweed

Jersey Cudweed

Laphangium luteoalbum

Raraa ayoub

Raraa ayoub

Pulicaria sicula

Zafira

Zafira

Tripleurospermum auriculatum

Goat’s Beard

Goat’s Beard

Koelpinia linearis

Nafayj

Nafayj

Pulicaria gnaphalodes

Slender Sow Thistle

Slender Sow Thistle

Sonchus tenerrimus

Hasaj

Hasaj

Ifloga spicata

Marsh Fleabane

Marsh Fleabane

Pluchea dioscoridis

Wild Lettuce

Wild Lettuce

Sonchus oleraceus

Camel’s Eye

Camel’s Eye

Gymnarrhena micrantha

Hawdhan

Hawdhan

Picris aspleniodes

Common Sow Thistle

Common Sow Thistle

Sonchus

Crown Daisy

Crown Daisy

Glebionis coronaria

Zmiem al bar

Zmiem al bar

Pentanema divaricatum

Prickly Sow Thistle

Prickly Sow Thistle

Sonchus

Clustered Yellowtops

Clustered Yellowtops

Flaveria trinervia

Jahwayan

Jahwayan

Pallenis hierichuntica

Groundsel

Groundsel

Senecio vulgaris

Quteyna

Quteyna

Filago desertorum

Wild Chamomile

Wild Chamomile

Matricaria chamomilla

Fleabane Daisy

Fleabane Daisy

Erigeron bonariensis

Golden Chamomile

Golden Chamomile

Matricaria aurea

Arabian Primrose

Arabian Primrose

Arnebia decumbens

Huwa ghanam

Huwa ghanam

Launaea nudicaulis

Arabian Primrose

Arabian Primrose

Arnebia hispidissima

Ramram

Ramram

Heliotropium ramosissimum

Rahaba

Rahaba

Heliotropium zeylanicum

Rocket

Rocket

Eruca vesicaria

Um Roos

Um Roos

Schimpera arabica

Cleome barbaran

Cleome barbaran

Cleome brachycarpa

Sleisla

Sleisla

Eremobium aegyptiacum

Jiljilan

Jiljilan

Savignya parviflora

Cleome Clover

Cleome Clover

Cleome amblyocarpa

Ward’s Weed

Ward’s Weed

Carrichtera annua

Radish

Radish

Raphanus sativus

Shiltam

Shiltam

Brassica tournefortii

Evening Stock

Evening Stock

Matthiola longipetala

Turnip

Turnip

Brassica rapa

Garden Cress

Garden Cress

Lepidium sativum

Indian Hedge Mustard

Indian Hedge Mustard

Sisymbrium orientale

Virgin’s Hand

Virgin’s Hand

Anastatica hierochuntica

Swine Cress

Swine Cress

Lepidium didymum

London Rocket

London Rocket

Sisymbrium irio

Rush

Sedge

Shrub

Tuwaim

Tuwaim

Aerva javanica

Ghabshah

Ghabshah

Moltkiopsis ciliata

Cleome scaposa

Cleome scaposa

Cleome noeana

Alqa

Alqa

Dipterygium glaucum

Sha’ran

Sha’ran

Anabasis setifera

Shinan

Shinan

Arthrocnemum macrostachyum

Orache

Orache

Atriplex leucoclada

Thallaj

Thallaj

Cornulaca monacantha

Sabat

Sabat

Halocnemum strobilaceum

Khurreyz (string of beads)

Khurreyz (string of beads)

Halopeplis perfoliata

Qadha

Qadha

Haloxylon persicum

Rimth

Rimth

Haloxylon salicornicum

Round leafed Rothe

Round leafed Rothe

Salsola drummondii

Saltwort

Saltwort

Salsola imbricata

Salsola schweinfurthii

Salsola schweinfurthii

Salsola schweinfurthii

Salsola villosa

Salsola villosa

Salsola villosa

Julman

Julman

Seidlitzia rosmarinus

Seablite

Seablite

Suaeda vermiculata

Traganum nudatum

Traganum nudatum

Traganum nudatum

Raqrouq

Raqrouq

Helianthemum kahiricum

Castor-oil Plant

Castor-oil Plant

Ricinus communis

Salam

Salam

Acacia ehrenbergiana

Samr

Samr

Acacia tortilis

Camelthorn

Camelthorn

Alhagi maurorum

Khanasir al ’aroos

Khanasir al ’aroos

Astragalus sieberi

Hama

Hama

Cullen plicata

Hameira

Hameira

Indigofera intricata

Indigofera

Indigofera

Indigofera oblongifolia

Louts

Louts

Lotus garcinii

Helul

Helul

Senna alexandrina

Senna

Senna

Senna italica

Sesban

Sesban

Sesbania sesban

Dahseer

Dahseer

Taverniera aegyptiaca

Aelijaan

Aelijaan

Taverniera spartea

Ra’al

Ra’al

Salvia aegyptiaca

Hadal

Hadal

Plicosepalus acaciae

Ja’ja’an

Ja’ja’an

Abutilon fruticosum

Lowaq

Lowaq

Abutilon pannosum

Fig

Fig

Ficus carica

Sea Lavender

Sea Lavender

Limonium axillare

Arta

Arta

Calligonum comosum

Qurdi

Qurdi

Ochradenus baccatus

Kenar

Kenar

Ziziphus nummularia

Rak

Rak

Salvadora persica

Hopbush

Hopbush

Dodonaea viscosa

Desert Thorn

Desert Thorn

Lycium shawii

Athl

Athl

Tamarix aucheriana

Mulakhiyah al bar

Mulakhiyah al bar

Corchorus depressus

Harm

Harm

Tetraena qatarensis

Arfaj

Arfaj

Rhanterium epapposum

Turnsole

Turnsole

Heliotropium bacciferum

Stoneseed

Stoneseed

Echiochilon jugatum

Shafallah

Shafallah

Capparis spinosa

Shaja

Shaja

Zilla spinosa

Tree